Wangari Maathai- April 1, 1940-September 25, 2011
"Trees have been an essential part of my life and have provided me with many lessons. They are living symbols of peace and hope."
Wangari Maathai was a renowned Kenyan social, environmental and political activist and the first African woman to win the Nobel Prize. She founded the Green Belt Movement in 1997, an organization that worked for women's rights and the conservation of the environment. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004 for her "contribution to sustainable development, democracy, and peace." She assisted women with planting more than 20 million trees in farms, schools, and churches.
Mother Teresa - August 26, 1913-September 5, 1997
Mother Teresa was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary. She started the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She took care of the sick, orphans, and those dying in Calcutta for over 40 years and became an advocate for the poor and helpless. Her views about abortion and living in poverty were later criticized, but she is still remembered as a beacon of hope and humanity.
Rosa Parks- February 4, 1913-October 24, 2005
Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights activist. She was called "the mother of Modern-Day American civil rights movement" and "the mother of the freedom movement." She changed the world by refusing to give up her seat for a white person on the bus as an act against black oppression. She was arrested, and this led to a 381-day protest, which then led to a boycott of buses in Montgomery. These protests led to changes in laws and ignited the fire against racial segregation.
Sarojini Naidu- February 13, 1879-2 March 1949
Sarojini Naidu was an Indian political activist and poet. She was the first woman to become the president of the Indian National Congress and to be appointed an Indian State governor. Her was as a poetess earned her name, "The Nightingale of India." She toured North America lecturing on the Congress movement in India (1928-1929). She accompanied Mahatma Gandhi to London for the inconclusive second session of the Round Table Conference of Indian-British cooperation and led the Congress party upon the outbreak of World War II and supported avowed hindrance to the Allied cause.
Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt was one of the most famous women in history, known for her beauty and her wits. Her full name was Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator. She was a Macedonian princess by descent and was born in Alexandria, and became the ruler of Egypt at the age of 18, ruling as the Queen while her brother was on the throne as a king. Her brother was 10 years old when they both ascended and hence she was the true ruler. More important than her love life was her educational pursuits. Cleopatra VII could be called one of the greatest intellectuals of her time. Cleopatra, at the beginning of her political career, did not speak Latin. However, it is possible that with time she started to learn it. Cleopatra knew the ancient Egyptian language, she learned how to read hieroglyphs, which was unique to her dynasty. Apart from this, she knew Greek and the languages of the Parthians, Jews, Medes, Trogodyatae, Syrians, Ethiopians, and Arabs. With this knowledge, all the books of her world were opened to her. Apart from languages, she studied geography, history, astronomy, international diplomacy, mathematics, alchemy, medicine, zoology, economics, and more. She tried to gain all the knowledge of the world.