The use of internet of things (IoT) in farming digitization has been included in the Indian government’s draft policy released in 2015. Also, ongoing research in this sector by research and industry organization has contributed to a significant growth in this field. Few of government and private organizations that are working towards smart farming have been listed in the upcoming sections.
OpenCube - OpenCube is a Bengaluru based organization which focusses on development of IoT-based, farmer friendly devices which can perform livestock management, irrigation management, assessment of soil and crop health helping farmers to take appropriate decisions.
AgNext Technologies - AgNext Technologies is a Punjab based organization which has used IoT, satellite imagery, AI-based image processing and predictive analytics for evaluating presence of pests in larger areas.
Energy Bots Private Limited - It is Gurugram based organization that has come up with a smart watering system which makes use of GSM and handles or schedules the switching ON and OFF the motor pump through a mobile device.
Tata Kisan Kendra - This organization uses remote sensing technology with TCL’s extension services to monitor the crop health, analyze the soil and detect any changes in the crop health or pest attack thus predicting the final output.
Government Organization - ISRO has begun Gramsat project in Orissa which aims at empowering majorly the poor farmers by spreading awareness amongst them and providing access to necessary information and services. A one-way video and two-way audio network are being implemented by NRSA which foresees the yield of mono and multiple crops. ISRO along with other Indian research institutes like M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, and Project Directorate of Cropping Systems Research, Modipuram are working towards smart farming and are expected to turn the green revolution into an evergreen revolution as stated by the Exim Bank officials.
NASSCOM report states that India has around 40 startups dealing with smart farming. But majority of them are research organizations and only a marginal number of solutions provided by them have been actually implemented in the farms. In India, small and medium-sized farmers are the future of Indian agriculture as large farmers constitute 1.5 percent of the population and contribute only to 35 percent of the food grain production. Thus, it is necessary for these research and development organizations to understand the requirements of small and medium sized farms so that it is easier for them to adopt innovations and techniques and increase the agricultural yield. The small and medium farmers produce for their families and a small portion is left for the market, giving farmers a small value for their products. Thus, introducing smart farming technologies should primarily aim at promising lower costs of production and guide them to get better value for their products.